Design and Technology is a foundation subject in the National Curriculum. Planning is in line with NC requirements for KS1 and KS2 and the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum.
THE FOUNDATION STAGE
When planning D&T projects in the Early Years we follow the objectives as set out in specific strands of the Early Learning Goals (PSED, Expressive Arts and Design and Understanding the World). We provide a range of experiences that encourage exploration, observation, problem solving, critical thinking and discussion. These early experiences include asking questions about how things work; investigating and using a variety of construction kits, materials and tools; developing ‘making’ skills and handling appropriate tools and materials safely and with increasing control. This learning forms the foundation for later work in Design &Technology.
KEY AREAS OF LEARNING FOR KS1 & KS2
Design: Children develop their understanding of how research and design contribute to innovative, functional products through discussion and annotated sketches
Make: Children are encouraged to select and use a wide range of tools, materials, textiles and ingredients for cutting, shaping, joining and finishing
Evaluate: Children investigate and analyse their own and existing products against a set criteria
Technical knowledge: Children develop their understanding of structural design, mechanical systems, electrical systems and computer programming to monitor and control their products
Cooking & Nutrition: Children are taught to understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking techniques. They begin to understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed.
In KS1 we explore:
- simple mechanisms (sliders & levers; wheels & axles)
- food technology
In KS2 we explore:
- mechanical systems (levers & linkages; pulleys & gears)
- electrical systems
- textiles (2-D & 3-D products)
- food technology
- how key events and individuals in D&T have helped shape our world.
Our creative and imaginative staff plan projects which are both relevant and engaging to the children linking them, where possible, to current topics. Parents play an important part in DT and are often invited into school to help with the ‘making’ element of projects.
During EYFS, the essential building blocks of the children’s Design & Technology capabilities are established. There are many opportunities for the children to carry out DT related activities across all areas of learning. Children learn how to use a range of simple tools, they construct with a purpose in mind and often replicate familiar structures, they investigate how everyday objects work and they begin to understand the importance of a healthy diet and how to use techniques and processes involved in food preparation. Relevant vocabulary is promoted as the children discuss their explorations.
Designers of the Future
In Year 1, we enjoyed looking at books that had moving parts so much that we decided to learn more about them. We learnt about levers, sliders and pivots. We even designed and made our very own Christmas cards with moving parts!
In Year 2, our work on textiles took on a festive touch! First, we looked at a range of existing puppets before investigating different ways of joining materials. They we honed our sewing skills before designing and making our own Christmas characters. We are extremely proud of our puppets. Can you guess who they are?
In Year 3, we made some healthy festive treats.
In Year 4, we investigated, designed and made a picture with an electrical system - a light up feature.
In year 5 we linked our DT work to World War 1, as we have been learning about this in our topic work. We made hospital tents as would have been seen during this era. We built frame structures using art straws and pipe cleaners and then used different materials for the covering and first aid design.
In Year 6, we linked our DT food unit with our topic work on the Second World War. First, we tasted some recipes that had been recreated using recipes from the era. Then we practiced skills such as slicing, grating, mashing, mixing, kneading and blending. Next, we designed our own menus using ingredients that would have been available and plentiful at the time. We made vegetable soup, bread and a cake.